Mr Gareth Stables has rapid access to all necessary imaging techniques to assist with the diagnosis of knee injuries and conditions. Although a knee specialist can make the diagnosis of the majority of knee
conditions purely from a detailed patient history and thorough examination, imaging is useful for:
Supporting and/or clarifying the diagnosis
He is supported by specialist orthopaedic imaging consultants (musculoskeletal radiologists) using state-of-the-art imaging techniques:
X-rays (plain radiology)
These can usually be performed immediately and are used to examine the bones of the knee in particular looking for signs of arthritis, loose bodies or bone fragments in the knee, fractures and other more unusual conditions of the bone.
MRI scans (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
This has become one of the best techniques for examining knees for soft tissue injuries such as ligament injuries, cartilage tears and damage to the joint surface cartilage covering. It is best to discuss which type of investigation is best for you with your doctor or surgeon.
Ultrasound scans are a useful and simple investigation for some superficial (near the skin) knee injuries or conditions. These include problems affecting the tendons and cysts around the knee. Ultrasound scans can also be used to “guide” injections into certain areas around the body.
CT scans (Computerised Tomography)
CT scans for knee problems have a useful role where the diagnosis is specifically related to the bone around the knee. With complex fractures, for example, 3D reconstruction from CT scans is useful for planning surgical reconstruction.