What Is Knee Arthritis?
Arthritis is a term that means inflammation of the joints. There are many types of arthritis. Although there are many types of arthritis, most knee pain is caused by just three types: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis.
The common types of knee arthritis
The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, but there are more than 100 different forms.
Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. It can stop you from working and enjoying certain activities and is a serious disability for many people.
Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are many treatment options available to help manage pain and keep people staying active.
What Are The Symptoms Of Knee Arthritis?
The symptoms of OA usually begin after the age of 40 and can vary from person to person. The common symptoms are:
How Is Knee Arthritis Diagnosed?
You will not usually need any special tests. Your surgeon or physiotherapist should be able to tell if you have this condition from your symptoms and doing an exam.
An X-ray or MRI scan can help to confirm the diagnosis and also rule out any other causes for your symptoms. These special investigations can also help plan your treatment.
How Is Knee Arthritis Treated?
The first part of treatment involves things you can do on your own to reduce your pain. To ease your symptoms, you can:
Rest your knee and avoid activities or movements that make the pain worse.
Put ice on the outside of your knee when it hurts or after activities that cause pain. You can put a cold gel pack, bag of ice, or bag of frozen vegetables on the painful area every 1 to 2 hours, for 15 minutes each time. Put a thin towel between the ice (or other cold object) and your skin.
Take a pain-relieving medicine. Over-the-counter medicines include paracetemol or ibuprofen.
Lifestyle changes can help you manage the symptoms of arthritis in the longer term consider;
Whilst most cases of arthritis can’t be prevented you can try to reduce the impact of the symptoms and slow down the progression of the disease. You might need to try different combinations of the above treatments, exercises, and devices to find out what works best for you. Most people are able to get back to doing many of the things they enjoy.